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GLOBAL WATER CRISIS

Water Crisis
  • The impression that water is plentiful – it covers 70% of the planet – is false, as only 2.5% of all water is freshwater.
  • 2/3rd of global population will be forced to live under water stressed conditions by the end of the next two decades.
  • Between now and 2050, water demands are expected to increase by 400% from manufacturing, and by 130% from household use.
  • By 2050, in Africa alone 25 countries will be water stressed (< 1000 cubic meters per capita per year).
  • By 2050, an additional 2.3 billion people can be expected to be living in areas with severe water stress, especially in North and South Africa and South and Central Asia.
  • About 4.5 billion people globally – already live within 50km of an “impaired” water resource – one that is running dry, or polluted.
  • 700 million people in 43 nations are facing water scarcity

  • 20% of global population lack access to safe drinking water.
  • There has been a 55% drop in globally available fresh water per capita since 1960.
  • By the year 2040 there will not be enough water in the world to quench the thirst of the world population and keep the current energy and power solutions going if we continue doing what we are doing today.
  • 40% of global population will be water stressed by 2035 and ability of the ecosystem to provide fresh water supplies will become increasingly compromised.
  • Water pollution in developing countries affects 1.2 billion people and nearly 15 million children die annually due to water related diseases.
  • 112 million people were affected by floods between 2005-2015.
  • 1.8 billion people now use a source of drinking water that is contaminated by faeces.
20% of global population lack

There is going to be a 40% gap
  • There is going to be a 40% gap between water demand and water availability by 2030.Nearly 80% or more of waste water returns to the environment without being treated.In 2016, 411 million people in total were affected by disasters and 94% of those were drought affected.
  • Sub-Saharan Africa has the largest number of water-stressed countries of any region.
  • Areas of China, India, and the US, including Ningxia province, and the south-west US, could see water stress increase by 40 to 70% by 2040 while Chile, Estonia, Namibia and Botswana all face “especially significant” increase in stress, say the WRI authors.
  • Middle East water supplies depend heavily on underground aquifers, but these are drying out at alarming rates.
  • 25-33% of Chinese do not have access to safe drinking water. Of the Arab countries the highest on water stress, are: Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Palestine, followed by Saudi Arabia.

  • According to satellite images, the Colorado River Basin has lost about 65 cubic kilometres (15.6 cubic miles) of water from 2004 to 2013. This is twice the amount stored in Lake Mead.
  • 2,000 children aged 5 and under die every day from a water-related disease.
  • 443 million school days are lost each year due to water-related diseases.
  • Children in poor environments often carry 1,000 parasitic worms in their bodies at any time.
  • There are 119 million in China and 97 million in India without clean drinking water.
  • 842,000 diarrhoeal diseases deaths per year result from unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene
  • 85% of the world population lives in the driest half of the planet.
According to satellite images

In the past 10 years, diarrhea
  • In the past 10 years, diarrhea has killed more children than armed conflict since WWII.
  • Most of the world’s population spends up to 3 hours a day to get the water they need to survive.
  • If we did nothing other than provide access to clean water, we could save 2 million lives a year.
  • In just one day, more than 200 million hours of women’s time is consumed collecting water for domestic use.
  • In some places, women have to walk nearly 10 kilometres to reach a water source
  • India has just 4% of the world’s fresh water — but 16% of the global population.